Nakhchivan has been the place of many great thinkers, scientists and craftsmen

    Haydar Aliyev
    Aliyev Ilham
    Zarifa Aliyeva
    Ajami Nakhchivani
    Nakhchivani Najmaddin
    Nakhchivani Najmaddin
    Nasreddin Tusi
    Nakhchivani Mohammad
    Fazlullah Naimi
    Aliyev Hasan
    Mammedaliyev Yusif
    Abdullayev Hasan
    Kangarli Heydarqulu
    Nakhchivansky Ismail
    Nakhchivansky Huseyn
    Nakhchivansky Jamshid
  Mohammed Shahtakhtinsky
    Shahtakhtinsky Behbud
    Mohammed Taghi Sidgi
    Jalil Mammedguluzadeh
    Huseyn Javid
    Ordubadi Mammed Said
    Kangarli Behruz

                                                                                                                          Haydar Aliyev

  Ordubadi Mammed Said

           Ordubadi Mammed Said (24.3.1872, Ordubad city – 1.5.1950, Baku, was buried in “Fekhri Khiyaban” (“Honored Avenue”)) – a prose-writer, poet, dramatist, pressman, translator. The Honored Art Worker of Azerbaijani Republic (1938). The poet is Fagir Ordubadi’s son. He got his first education at religious school and later studied at new methodological school “Akhtar” founded by an outstanding enlightener M.T.Sidqi. He lost his father in early ages and therefore had to work as a worker at a silk factory in the city. He began his creative activity at the 90th of the XIX century and wrote the poems criticizing the injustices of that time. his first printed poem “Adabiyyat” (“Literature”), written against intellectual darkness and ignorance was published in the 31th issuance of “The Shargi-Rus” published on the 13th of July in 1903 in Tbilisi. His poem books “Qaflat” (“Ignorance”) was published in1906 and “”Veten ve huriyyet” (“Motherland and freedom”) in 1907 in Tbilisi. “The Molla Nasraddin” magazine that began to be published on April in 1906 affected the future development of the writer. Ordubadi’s topical satire “From the world of politics” was published in the 9th edition of the magazine issued on the 2nd of June in 1906 and he became one of the main associates of the journal he actively took part the newspapers of “The Irshad”, “The Seda”, “The Sedayi-hagg”, “The Tereggi”, “The tazeheyat” and so on and the magazines “The Tuti” and “The Babayi-Amir” published in Baku. In 1907 Ordubadi moved to Julfa and within these years he continued his literary activity and was closely interested in the liberty movement under Sattarkhan’s leadership in the Southern Azerbaijan. Within those years he published his topical satires, poems and articles in “The Molla Nasraddin” magazine and in the newspapers about the life in Iran, published in Baku. That period the writer published two of his novels “Two kids’ travel to Europe” (1908) and “Unhappy millionaire” (1914). In these works the enlightening ideas are popularized. In 1911 the author described the national massacre tragedy happened with the instigation of the tsar government and the Armenian “Dashnaqsyutun” party during 1905-1906 on the basis of the real facts and documents in his book “Bloody years” published in the “Seda” printing –house of Hashim bey Vezirov with the financial support of millionaire Murtuza Mukhtarov in Baku. In 10th he published his plays “Baghi-shah, or Tehran tragedy” (1910) and “The last days of Andalis or Grenade’s capitulation” (1914). On January in 1915 he was arrested in Julfa and was sent into exile to Tsaritsino (present Volgograd), became close to communists here and a member of the Communist party in 1918. At the beginning of May in 1920 he came to Baku and began to work as a editorial deputy and later an editor of “The Akhbar” newspaper. During 1925=1928 he was an editor of “Yeni Yol” newspaper and a director of “The Molla Nasraddin” magazine after a while. Since 1920 the writer began to work more productively and wrote topical satires and publicity articles, was occupied with the profession of a translator, published poem books, wrote the operas “Koroglu”, “Nargiz” and “Nizami”, the musical comedic librettos “Five mantas bride” and “Heart players” and the play “Misty Tabriz” and printed articles about Nizami, Fuzuli, Vagif, Sanir and others. 

        His “The literature of Azerbaijan in XII century and its influence to the classic Oriental literature” is a product of very important research. Furthermore, he is known as a founder of the novel genre in the history of Azerbaijani literature. He founded this genre in Azerbaijani literature with his “Misty Tabriz” novel-epopee (1933-1948), which he began to write before the 20th years in 4 editions. In his “Sword and pen” novel (1946-1948), indicating Nizami Ganjavi’s time, he made the character of a genius poet and the socio-political screen of that time. He has historical novels “Fighting city” (1938) and “Secret Baku” (1940). His works were translated to different languages. He was elected a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR (I-III summon) and was awarded with the orders of Lenin and Honor. Ordubadi’s name has been given to a lot of streets and cultural-educational institutions in the Republic, his memorial houses were created in Ordubad and Baku and his bust was erected in Nakhchivan