Nakhchivan has been the place of many great thinkers, scientists and craftsmen

    Haydar Aliyev
    Aliyev Ilham
    Zarifa Aliyeva
    Ajami Nakhchivani
    Nakhchivani Najmaddin
    Nakhchivani Hindushah
    Nasreddin Tusi
    Nakhchivani Mohammad
    Fazlullah Naimi
    Aliyev Hasan
    Mammedaliyev Yusif
    Abdullayev Hasan
    Kangarli Heydarqulu
    Nakhchivansky Ismail
    Nakhchivansky Huseyn
    Nakhchivansky Jamshid
  Mohammed Shahtakhtinsky
    Shahtakhtinsky Behbud
    Mohammed Taghi Sidgi
    Jalil Mammedguluzadeh
    Huseyn Javid
    Ordubadi Mammed Said
    Kangarli Behruz

                                                                                                                          Haydar Aliyev


Nasreddin Tusi

      Nasreddin Tusi Mohammad ibn Mohammad ibn Hasan. (17.2.1201, Tus – 25.6.1274, Baghdad) – an encyclopedic scientist, philosopher, socio-political figure. Tusi is his pen name and Nasreddin (defender of religion) is his alias. Abu Abdulla or Abu Jafar was also known instead of the world Mohammad. He was called Khaja (Mister) and also Movla at the same meaning. He got his first education from his father and uncle and later learned the different fields of the humanities and exact sciences in Khorasan. Muinaddin Salim Misri gave Nasreddin Tusi permission to recite had its on the 30th of June in 1222.

       Nasreddin Tusi went to Isfahan with the invitation of Nasiraddin Mohtasham, Kuhistan ruler from Ismailis leaders and was welcomed there with respect. But because of a disagreement Nasreddin Tsui began to lose the trust toward him and he was even imprisoned for a while in Alamut castle. Hulaki king released Nasreddin Tusi in 1256 when he put an end to Ismailis dominion and hired Nasreddin an advisor for himself. During the conquest of Baghdad the scientist was famous with his ideas and took care of people, especially the intellectuals and could save them. About 500 families that left Maragha and Tabriz could return to their motherlands with his help.

         One of his main duties is to create Maragha Observatory in the history of science and art of the world in 1259. He assembled more than 100 representatives of different nations here and created good condition for them to work. At religious school attached to the observatory all the fields of science, religion, philosophy and social-political sciences were taught. The school had a library with more than 400 thousand editions. During his visit to Baghdad Nasraddin Tusi died and he was buried in Kazimeyn city, near Baghdad according to his will. The interesting thing is that the tomb that he was buried was built for caliph Nasir-li-Dinillah 75 years, 7 months and 7 days ago but because of some reasons the place was kept empty. 

           Nasraddin Tusi’s three sons – Sadraddin Ali, Asiladadin Hasan and Fakhraddin Ahmad chose the way of science and at the same time worked in the official bodies. Avhadi Maraghayi (1274-1338) devoted his “Dehname” distich (1306) to Nasraddin Tusi’s grandchild Khaja Ziyaaddin Yusif ibn Asiladdin Hasan. Nasraddin Tusi’s descendants later lived in Nakhchivan and became famous in the spheres of science, literature and art. The decree of the I Shah Abbas (1587-1629) is scraped in the inscription on the gates of big Jume mosque in Ordubad in XVII century that Nasraddin Tusi’s generation lived in Ordubad and therefore the I Shah Abbas released the region from all taxes.

           Nasraddin Tusi’s outlook is largely described in his treaties on theology, philosophy, politics and ethics. In thinker’s “Treaties about imamism (religious title)” (“Risab fi-l-imama”) belonging to the Shiite trend, and other works he emphasized not only twelve imams but generally the characteristic qualities of an imam (leader). In his “Jabr ve qadr” (“Algebra and value”) treaties accepts willing freedom. Shiites as well as Sunnis used the thinker’s works, which were far from sect fanaticism.